The black fly with the latin name Ceratopogonidae is an annoying plague every year. Biting midges become a real mosquito plague for the horse, as well as the horse back rider. In Germany there are about 190 species of this kind. The tiniest are only between 1 and 2 mm in size. The black flies are often confused with normal flies and therefore not considered a real danger. The female flies are bloodsuckers because they need certain substances for the development of their egg, which are only present in the blood. Much like a pool sucker, the black fly stitches the horse to absorb the blood. To be able to absorb the blood more easily, the black fly adds to the blood a blood clotting inhibitor, which is contained in the saliva of the black fly.
The horse, which is bitten by the black fly, then forms a biochemical defence agent (histamine) in the area of the bite wound (pool). This is said to trigger a local defence reaction. The body-deficient histamine is dissolved and released from the horse’s skin cells by the saliva of the glands. The dissolved histamine is what causes an extreme strong itching in the horse, as well as an allergic reaction. Histamine is supposed to act as a healthy active substance for the horse and to ward off the substances from the insect mosquitoes, but unfortunately it causes extreme itching, which leads to consistent scratching. As a result, the affected area often gets inflamed (summer eczema in the horse), which could lead to dangerous infection. As the black fly also attacks human beings, this mosquito plague is not to be underestimated.
Black Flies – The Sting from the Black Fly!
More and more people and animals are suffering from the mosquito plagues, especially from the annoying black flies. These gnats are also known to be triggers of the sweet itch eczema in horses. The sting from these gnats can trigger an allergic reaction in the horse, as well as the horse back rider. The sting can cause an allergic reaction, which leads to eczema (dermatitis or sweet itch eczema). The itching and scratching causes an open, purulent wound and this attracts even more gnats, which makes the summer eczema even worse.
For this reason it is very important to prevent the attack from the black flies, so that it does not get to inject its saliva secretions into the wound. Fortunately there is a remedy, which has been developed specifically to prevent the attack from these gnats.
Biting Midges and Gnats - Stop the Biting Midges and Gnats
Due to the innovative remedy Black Fly Stop from peticare® attacks from gnats and the black flies is immediately stopped, even in the case of heavy attacks. Special pheromones (biochemical information molecules) influences the gnats’ smell perceptions in a negative way, which then prevents the attack from the gnats. The pheromones (messengers) are embedded into a tiny, porous and homogeneous structure (matrix), which is evenly distributed over a long period of time. In comparison to other anti-mosquito sprays, the protective effect is constant for about 24 hours.
Midges and Gnats – How to Use the Black Fly Stop
It is sufficient to apply Black Fly Stop every 24 hour. This will prevent the sting from the gnats, even in the case of a severe mosquito plague. Depending on the size of the horse, the Black Fly Stop should be sprayed onto the horse at approximately 5 to 7 areas. Choose the areas that are most prone to be attacked by the gnats. Spray 2 to 3 shots directly onto the chosen areas, from a short distance. The application should be repeated every 24 hours. If it is raining, the application should be repeated to effectively protect against gnats.
Stop Gnats - Product Information
• All gnats (worldwide 5000 species)
• All Black Flies (1550 species worldwide)
• Up to 24 hours long-term protection
• Prevents Summer Eczemas
• Spot on (app. 5 spray points)
• Sustained-release / depot preparation
• Effective protection against mosquitoes
• Effective protection against gnats
• Immediate effect / no waiting time
• Natural pheromones
• Chemical-free, 100% biologically
• Dermatologically safe
• Very economical and effective
• Effective for professional application, stud farms
• The application is ADMR compliant
• Shelf life for at least 12 months
• Peticare Release system (PRS).